Caesar was a general, a statesman, a legislator, an orator,
an historian, and a mathematician who was said to have a photographic memory.
Caesar never lost a war, improved the calendar, created the first political news
sheet, Acta Diurna.He also drafted the enduring Roman Law against
Julius Caesar's most famous conquest was that of Gaul
(58 - 50 BC) and the invasion of Britain which brought about the effective end
of the Roman Republic. Caesar in a Roman Civil War marched against
the Senate in 49 BC and defeated his major rival Cnaeus Pompey at the Battle of
Pharsalus. Due to the fact that he continued to concentrate so much power in his
own hands that traditionally belonged to the Senate, Caesar faced steadily
growing opposition from the senators of Rome.
Caesar's life experiences at 55 included a widower, divorcé,
governor of Further Spain, Pirate captive and conqueror, hailed imperator
by harden Roman Troops, questor, aedile, consul, pontifex maximus -and now a
dictator of Rome. Caesar, the dictator, launched a series of political and
social reforms that endured for centuries in the Roman Empire. Caesar was
assassinated by a group of nobles in the Senate House on the Ides of March.
March 15, 44BC. The Ides Of March, Caesar was brutally murdered at the Senate
house by a group of armed Senate conspirators. Plutarch account, "When the
murder was newly done, there were sudden outcries of people that ran up and down
the city, which indeed increase the fear and tumult." The leading
assassins, C. Cassius Longinus and his brother-in-law, Marcus Brutus 9, had
slain him in an attempt "to maintain the Republic."
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